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The program consists of a comprehensive educational approach focused on planning, implementation, and evaluation of a drive-through immunization program suitable for all populations and all vaccines during the time of COVID-19 and beyond. These sessions aim to provide a complete how-to approach using a research-informed, procedurally verified process for immunization that can be implemented in hospital, healthcare, community, schools, or other public or health settings. The educational approach includes use of virtual didactic and case study presentations accompanied by tools and resources that can be immediately implemented using any or all parts of the complete toolkit.


Epidemiology of the Disease and Overview of the Vaccine(s)


a. Review the current epidemiology and burden of disease

b. Describe vaccine efficacy, effectiveness, and safety data

c. Review population-specific uses of the vaccine including pediatrics, adolescents, adults, the immunocompromised and other special populations

Clinical Setup and Logistics

a. Describe the activities involved in gathering the planning team

b. Review the risk assessment process and how to determine target population

c. Describe site selection and patient throughput considerations

d. Explore operational finances that can scale to the need


Ruth Carrico, Ph.D., DNP, APRN, CIC

Dawn Balcom, DNP, APRN

Dennis Sullivan, BA, EMT-P, CHMM, CEM

Staff and Training

a. Describe the composition of a necessary multidisciplinary team

b. Review competency-based training for vaccine preparation and administration

c. Identify activities to protect patient health information

Luanne Didelot, MSN, MHA, RN

Infection Control and Safe Injection Practices

a. Review the basics of infection control and vaccination 

b. Identify exposure prevention approaches for healthcare worker and patient

J. Hudson Garrett, Jr. Ph.D., MSN, MPH, MBA, FNP-BC, PLNC, VA-BC, IP-BC, AS-BC, FACDONA

Vaccine and Supply Inventory Management

a. Determining vaccine types and amounts

b. Determining vaccination supplies and amounts

c. Inventory management

Luanne Didelot, MSN, MHA, RN

Dawn Balcom, DNP, APRN

Vaccine Storage, Transport, and Temperature Monitoring

a. Describe management strategies for vaccinating in a mobile setting

b. Review temperature monitoring, documentation, and temperature excursion prevention

c. Explore best practices for transporting vaccine to and from stationary sites

Luanne Didelot, MSN, MHA, RN

Dawn Balcom, DNP, APRN

Patient Education, Documentation, and Vaccine Information Systems (Registries)

a. Demonstrate use of Vaccine Information Systems (VIS) as the basis for patient education

b. Describe methods to ensure documentation of vaccine administration in electronic health records and immunization information systems

Luanne Didelot, MSN, MHA, RN

Dawn Balcom, DNP, APRN

Emergency Response 

a. Identify strategies to recognize and prevent adverse outcomes associated with a drive-through process

b. Recognize adverse outcomes after immunization and how to encourage reporting

c. Describe emergency response efforts in a drive-through process

Luanne Didelot, MSN, MHA, RN

Dawn Balcom, DNP, APRN

Scaling the drive-through to address mass immunization needs

a. Apply elements of the drive-through to address mass immunization needs

b. Explore staffing, logistics, and safety perspectives

c. Identify approaches that serve to ensure equitable access to vaccination for all populations

Dennis Sullivan, BA, EMT-P, CHMM, CEM

Bringing it all together for an inclusive drive-through vaccination effort

a. Review all elements of the drive-through process

b. Evaluate the effectiveness of the drive-through immunization process

c. Describe the financial monitoring and documentation processes necessary for operational effectiveness

Ruth Carrico, Ph.D., DNP, APRN, CIC

Dawn Balcom, DNP, APRN

Luanne Didelot, MSN, MHA, RN

Dennis Sullivan, BA, EMT-P, CHMM, CEM